Welcome to Part 3 of the History of Marvel Universe Project! Due to the vast information to be covered in this part, it is divided into two sections. This first section will focus on the ancient civilisations developed on Earth following the rise of humanity. If you haven’t read the previous parts, you can find them here: Part 1 and Part 2. I suggest that you read them before starting this post, as they will answer some questions you will probably develop in this post. Enjoy!
Thurian Age (100,000 BC – 18,000 BC)
Thurian Age refers to the civilisations developed in the Continent of Thuria, Thuria was one of Earth’s largest land masses, there were also other smaller continents close by, such as Mu to the east and Atlantis to the west. Over tens of thousands of years, many kingdoms had been formed in the continent. Thuria would eventually become today’s Americas.
Early Days of Kull
In Approximately 18,500 BC, a man named Kull was born in Atlantis, the land of savages and barbarians. His parents died soon after his birth and Kull was adopted by a streak of tigers. Kull eventually grew up and became a strong man who excelled in close and range combats, he was then taken into one of the barbarian tribes.
One day his tribesmen tried to execute a girl by burning her alive as a punishment for marrying a foreigner. Witnessing this, Kull threw a dagger at her which instantly killed her, sparing her from suffering a long agonising death. The tribe became furious at Kull as he desecrated their traditions, and they started hunting Kull down, forcing him to flee from his homeland.
In an attempt of crossing the sea between Atlantis and the mainland, Kull was taken captive by a group of Lemurian pirates who roamed the sea surrounding Thuria. Kull was enslaved by the pirates as a hard labourer and later a gladiator. While being a gladiator, Kull met a man who called himself Wolf-Man and they forged an alliance. With the help of Wolf-Man, they managed to kill their drunk guard and escaped captivity. Kull then swam to the shore of Valusia.
King Kull of Valusia
Upon arriving in Valusia, Kull got into a conflict with a group of outlaws in the hills. Deeply
impressed by Kull’s physique and battle skills, the outlaws approached him and persuaded him to join them, to which Kull agreed. But soon after that, the outlaws were captured by Valusia’s military force, and they were taken to the capital, the City of Wonders.
Kull was sentenced to become a gladiator to fight for his life and entertain the crowd day in and day out. Having been a gladiator previously during his days as a slave, Kull soon became the champion of the gladiators. A Valusian nobleman, much impressed by Kull’s spirit and strength, decided to buy him out.
The nobleman also bought Kull a position in the Royal Valusian Army, where he quickly rose on the ladder of ranks and became the commander of the king’s personal guards. However, King Borna of Valusia was infamous for his violence and cruelty and the idea of a civil war was brewing among the nobility. Kull was approached by Kaanuub, a Valusian royalty, to plot a revolt against the king. Kull then confronted King Borna and killed him in a duel, he took the Topaz Throne and crowned himself King of Valusia. One of Kull’s significant achievements as king was the extermination of the Serpent-Men.
The First Vampire
At that time, the Atlanteans discovered the Darkhold (Read about Darkhold here) that Chthon left on Earth, and the sorcerers started to fervently practice the dark magic inscribed on the scrolls. As the King of Valusia, Kull declared war against his homeland Atlantis to stop the spreading of dark magic. During the war, an Atlantean solider named Varnae became gravely wounded. Instead of healing the soldier, the sorcerers used the Darkhold’s magic to transform Varnae into an abomination, which was later known as a vampire. Since then, vampires had been plaguing the Earth until today.
King Kull went on to win the war and conquered Atlantis. His descendants ruled Atlantis for 500 years until the Great Cataclysm, during which the continent’s technology developed rapidly.
The Second Host (The Great Cataclysm)
In 18,000 BC, the Celestials returned to Earth for their Second Host (Don’t know what it is? Read the First Host here). The Deviants, Earth’s dominant race at the time, tried to attack them. The Celestials deemed them unworthy of existing and retaliated by nuclear force. The retaliation brought devastation to Earth, Lemuria, occupied by most Deviants, sank. The shockwaves from the attack caused great tsunamis and earthquakes all around Thuria and Atlantis, millions died. This event had forever reshaped Earth and it was later known as the Great Cataclysm.
Another disaster caused by the Cataclysm was the sinking of Atlantis. However, before the land was totally submerged, Atlantean sorcerers saved a portion of their population by transforming them into water-breathers, which were the very first ancestors of modern-day Atlanteans. Some Atlanteans also believed that the creation of their race was the work of Father Neptune, God of the Sea (NOTE: In Greek mythology, Neptune is known as Poseidon. However, he was worshipped by the Atlanteans as Father Neptune, Poseidon’s Roman counterpart).
The Hyborian Age (17,000 BC – 8,000 BC)
The devastation caused by the Cataclysm wiped most knowledge and technology off the human race, humanity reverted back to savagery and barbarism for thousands of years. This period of post-Cataclysm civilisation was referred to as the Hyborian Age.
Following the Great Cataclysm, an inland sea formed in the middle of the super continent that essentially divided the continent into the western and eastern parts. Thurian refugees that survived the Great Cataclysm now called themselves Hybori, and established the first kingdom in the north of the continent, Hyperborea.
The Hybori started moving south slowly and established more kingdoms. By 12,000 BC, the Hyborians conquered most of the western continent and became a dominating powerhouse.
Led by King Conan, a descent of Kull, the Kingdom of Aquilonia rose to power in around 11,500 BC and became a mighty empire. Conan and his descendants ruled Aquilonia for 500 years before it was taken down by invaders from other kingdoms. This period was known as the Age of Conan.
Nearing the end of the Hyborian Age, another cataclysm hit Earth and again reshaped the planet into the current Earth. The Hyborian Age ended in around 8,000 BC.
The New Gods
For the next few thousands of years, the second generation of Gods started to manifest before mankind. Pagan civilisations started praying and worshipping these New Gods.
Asgard is a pocket dimension in which the Norse Gods reside, they were mainly worshipped by
the Vikings. In Asgardian mythology, the World Tree Yggdrasil, was the source of all lives and it connected all nine realms within the Asgardian system. Earth, known as Midgard to the Asgardians, was one of the realms that can be accessed from Asgard through a rainbow bridge called the Bifrost, which was guarded by the all-seeing Heimdall. Odin Borson was the king of Asgard and seen as the All-Father and the God-Above-All-Gods by his worshippers.
It is believed that Asgard would be obliterated and rebuilt through a cycle called Ragnarok. At the end of the Hyborian Age, Asgard newly emerged from their most recent Ragnarok cycle and was in the process of rebuilding. Odin, seeking to pass down his power to an heir that could potentially stop the endless cycles of Ragnarok, mated with Gaea the Mother Earth who eventually conceived a son. The son that was to be born would inherit powers from both Odin and Gaea, so he could control both Asgardian and Earthly powers. The name they gave to their son was Thor, who grew up to eventually become the God of Thunder, and the new King of Asgard (NOTE: In most Thor comics, Frigga has been depicted as Thor’s mother. However, she was only Thor’s step-mother in place of his biological mother Gaea).
Similar to Asgard, Olympus was also a pocket dimension that exists adjacent to Earth that housed the Olympian Gods. The access point could be located somewhere on the Mount Olympus in Greece, and thus the Olympians were mainly worshipped by the Greek. Olympus has been mostly ruled by Zeus, and the Greek worshipped him as the God of the Sky and the King of Gods.
In Greek mythology, it was believed that Zeus was the youngest son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, whose origins could be traced to an entity called Ouranus, the Sky Father. Cronus overthrew Ouranus by killing him. Before his death, Ouranus prophesied that one of Cronus’ offspring would grow up and overthrow him. In fear of the prophesy, Cronus imprisoned all of his children in Tartarus. However, Rhea had secretly conceived Zeus without Cronus knowing, She gave birth to baby Zeus and gave the infant to Gaea for safeguarding.
Zeus grew up and learnt about the old prophesy, he went to Tartarus and freed all his siblings, he also freed 3 cyclopes and 3 giants who would help him later in overthrowing Cronus. Grateful for the rescue, the cyclopes taught Zeus battle skills and how to control his power. Zeus then assembled his allies and declared war on the Titans, the war lasted for 10 years and Zeus was victorious. He then imprisoned the Titans in Tartarus and established Olympus, and crowned himself the King of Olympus.